The Biblical History of Israel
Is A Lie
By James Donahue
It is somewhat surprising that the Vatican in Rome this week
has demanded that Israel accept United Nations resolutions to “end its unlawful occupation of Arab lands.
Even more surprising is that church bishops are telling the
Jewish state that it should not use the Old Testament books to justify its religious philosophy, or Zionism, to justify a
claim that “Jews inherit the promised land.”
While the Vatican’s position on the Israeli/Palestinian
conflict appears to be well supported by archaeological and historical research, even from within top researchers within Israel,
we predict that fundamental Christians will never accept it. Nor will the fundamental Jewish sects.
Both believe that a key part of the Old Testament, the Five
Books of Moses known among Jewish scholars as the Torah, contains God’s holy revelation to Moses on Mount Sinai. These
books, Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy, are the foundation of the Jewish faith. Because they are included
in the Christian Bible, the fundamentalists, who believe the Bible is the inspired Word of God, accept the story in the Torah
that the Israelites are “God’s chosen people” and that the ancient “Land of Canaan,” or the
territory of Palestine, was always meant to be the “promised land” awarded by God to the Hebrew people.
The ongoing conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians
has remained unsettled largely because of a few words found in the Torah that proclaim the land was God’s gift to the
The scholars in the Vatican are equipped with what may be
the best library and information sources in the world and they are not close minded, in spite of appearances stemming from
official church positions.
They obviously are keenly aware that recent research by
a top Jewish archaeologist from the Tel Aviv University and other prestigious scholars uncovered the truth behind the Old
Testament stories about the origins of the Jewish State of Israel . . . it didn’t happen that way.
Christians and Jewish religious leaders cried heresy in
2001 when Israel Finkelstein, chairman of the university's Archaeology Department, and historian journalist Neil Asher Silberman
published The Bible Unearthed: Archaeology’s New Version of Ancient Israel and the Origin of Its Sacred Text.
Yet another Tel Aviv archaeologist, Ze'ev Herzog, beat them
to the punch when he published a magazine and newspaper article in 1999 that also blew the whistle on the twisted Bible stories.
In essence, they are all saying that archaeological research
shows that the Israelites were never in Egypt, they never wandered in the desert, they never conquered the land of Canaan
in a military campaign and the land was never passed on to the twelve tribes of Israel.
Also, the walls of Jericho never came crashing down, and
there was never an empire of Israel under the reign of Kings David and Solomon. If they existed at all, David and Solomon
headed modest chiefdoms.
The stories of the great patriarchs like Abraham, Isaac
and Joseph are also in question because the scholars are finding the Bible stories filled with inconsistencies. The ancient
Egyptians left no evidence that the Israelites were ever in Egypt, and the Sinai Peninsula lacks any evidence of the large
encampments required for so many people to have made during 40 years of living in the desert.
In his book, Finkelstein theorizes that the Israelites were
among the many nomadic shepherd tribes that existed among the Canaanites. If so, it means they came from the same genetic
origins as the other people in the Middle East, including the Palestinians, and that the Grand National myth of a people chosen
by God to rule the "Promised Land" is just that, a myth without basic for fact.
The famous battle of Jericho, as told in the Book of Joshua,
also is debunked by archaeological evidence. It turns out that the city of Jericho didn't exist at the time this event was
supposed to have happened. Once it did exist, the city had no walls.
The story of David, whose army captured Jerusalem and established
a vast united empire, and his son, Solomon, who reportedly acquired great wealth and built the first temple, is perhaps the
core of the Israeli myth of ownership and superiority over the Palestinians who occupied the land until the Jews were driven
to the area during World War II.
Authors Finkelstein and Silberman suggest in their book
that it was Josiah, a descending king over a more developed Jerusalem who lived over 300 years after David, who ordered the
transcription of the Old Testament stories.
Josiah apparently believed, as have many great rulers
since, that a national scripture was needed to cement a monotheistic religious orthodoxy. The Old Testament stories have continued
to generate a national identity for the new Israel even today.
Amy Dockser Marcus, author of The View From Nebo: How
Archaeology Is Rewriting the Bible and Reshaping the Middle East, notes that certain things like monumental structures,
royal documents, or national scripture like the Old Testament, are almost always "a sign of state formation, in which power
is centralized in national institutions like an official cult or monarchy."
(Our thanks to
writer Laura Miller for information used in preparing this story)