Sprat Issue 42 – The Closed Vatican Library
By James Donahue
Among the concerns listed by Jack Sprat is the story that the Vatican closed and evacuated
its 500-year-old library believed to hold a collection of rare and valuable books, perhaps the only ones of their kind in
existence. The suggested reason for the closure, flying around the Internet, was that the library was in danger of being flooded
because of a calculated 60-meter rise in the sea level caused by melting arctic ice.
We are happy to report that the Vatican library is now reopened after a three-year shutdown
to accomodate a $7.5 euro renovation that began in 2007. It turns out that dangerous structural weaknesses were discovered
in the Sixteenth Century building housing the library. The work involved reinforcing the foundations and floors to not only
save the building, but the precious collection of works within.
The work included the installation of climate-controlled rooms to protect the ancient
manuscripts, and a state-of-the-art security system.
The closing proved extremely frustrating to biblical scholars and historical researchers
from all over the world who come to Rome to dig through the amazing collection of ancient manuscripts stored there. Like the
British Library and the National Library of France, the Vatican library is thought to contain one of the most important manuscript
collections in the world.
The library's collection includes the oldest known complete Bible, dating from about
325 A.D. It was believed to have beenone of the 50 bibles commissioned by Emperor Constantine of Rome.
The library contains an estimated 70,000 books. Between 4,000 and 5,000 researchers
are given permission each year to conduct research in the library, but access is generally limited to academics doing post-graduate
To protect the books and manuscripts, everything is outfitted with computer chips so
they cannot be carried out of the library. Also closed-circuit cameras and automated entry and exit gates record who comes
and leaves. None of the material can be removed and all research must be conducted in the library.
Yes, Mr. Sprat, the Vatican Library was temporarily closed. But it appears it was done
for a good reason and the library now is reopened.