Poverty And The Return of Debtor's Prison
By James Donahue
The growing insanity among Americans appears to be throwing us all back into the dark ages. Who would
have thought people might be going to jail because they cannot afford to pay their bills?
The United States abolished debtors’ prisons nearly
a century ago, but more than a third of the states allow the police to jail people who don’t pay bills for health care,
credit card and automobile loans. The entrapment is established through the back door . . . because people do not understand
the law and the workings of the legal system.
An example of what is happening recently occurred in Herrin,
Illinois where cancer patient Lisa Lindsay refused to pay a $280 doctor bill. She said she didn’t pay after she was
told the bill was sent in error and she did not owe the money. The bill didn’t go away, however. It was turned over
to a collection agency that eventually filed a complaint leading to her arrest.
The other “trick” used by bill collectors has been
to use publically owned courts, police and jails to pressure people to pay with money they may desperately need for food,
rent or medicine. With many people living on unemployment benefits, minimum wages or social security, there is no longer enough
money to go around.
People fall into trouble with the court system when they are
sent a notice of a court hearing for refusing to pay, and fail to make an appearance. Some don’t show because they reason
that they either don’t owe the money or payment is something they cannot deal with. Others may find it difficult to
go to court for lack of public transportation or gasoline for their own vehicle.
But under state laws, debtors aren’t sentenced to jail
for nonpayment. The courts hit them with contempt of court charges for failing to show up to answer a creditor’s summons.
That is how they are sentenced to spend time in jail.
Illinois State legislators are working on a bill that will fix
this problem, but the loophole still exists elsewhere in the nation. One report noted that judges in the United States issued
more than 5000 warrants related to uncollected debt since January, 2010. And more than a third of the states allow borrowers
who don’t pay their bills to be jailed.
The very practice of housing these people in jail is strangely
self-defeating. A report by the American Civil Liberties Union said it was found that the cost of housing a debtor in prison
often exceeded the amount of debt they owed.
So why do it? Public insanity appears to be the only reason we
can think of. Either that or the desire to torture the downtrodden exceeds the need for collecting the money.