The Burning Of The Noronic
By James Donahue
Sanford Newman, a Cleveland man participating in a special August excursion aboard the Great
Lakes passenger liner Noronic on Sept. 16, 1949, later said he thought it was about 2:30 a.m. when the fire that
destroyed the ship was discovered.
Newman and his wife were among the 524 passengers taking
advantage of a special late-season rate on the Canada Steamship Line vessel. While other passengers were partying, the Newmans
and friends were engaged in a hot game of cards in a parlor on C Deck, somewhere amidships.
The ship was docked at Toronto for the night.
That was when he said he heard a commotion in the hall
and someone yelled that they could smell smoke. "I was among the men who went to the rear of the boat to find out what it
was," Newman said.
As he ran along the starboard corridor Newman said the
smell of smoke got very strong. "We found the fire in what may have been a linen closet on the (port) side of the ship. Two
bus boys were already there trying to put it out with a fire extinguisher. I heard one of them say, 'Youd better go and get
help.' Then the smoke choked me up."
"I ran back to the parlor to warn the others," Newman
Because they were awake and warned on time, the Cleveland card players all escaped the disaster that followed.
Another witness outside the burning linen closet was Ben
Kosman, a Cleveland businessman, who also was traveling with
"I was just
going along the passageway when I smelled smoke," Kosman said. "Then I saw a couple of the bellboys coming along with fire
extinguishers so I went along to the cabin about in the center. They opened the door. They shouldn't have done that. The flames
roared out. They might have been trying to put out hell with fountain pens. It was no use, and they couldn't, or didn't, close
the door again."
The fire swept the 32-year-old ship so quickly that many
passengers were trapped in their cabins. Some were believed to have died in their sleep, never realizing that the ship was
Bedlam broke out and survivors later told of magnificent
acts of heroism as well as dark stories of cowardice as people fought to escape the smoke-filled corridors.
Capt. William Taylor was counted among the heroes. Survivors
later told a board of inquiry how Taylor was seen among the
crew members, fighting the fire with water. Then, when he realized that the fire was out of control, Taylor ran along the deck, smashing windows and portholes, helping trapped passengers escape
their cabins. The fire was blocking normal exits through the doors to the inside passageways.
Steward Chic Yates said he was with Taylor during a search of the ship's cabins. "We checked the steward's quarters, the engine
room and the cabins. Everybody was out.
"On the way back it was really bad. Sparks were flying and the smoke was thick. I tripped over a woman who was lying across the
passageway. The captain and I carried her to the side of the ship. We tied a rope around her and lowered her into a launch."
Yates said people were jumping over the side. He said
when they took a final look through the ship they realized they could not enter the vessel again. "The ship was ablaze to
the superstructure," he said.
Taylor later was treated
for exhaustion and burns aboard the Kingston, a sister ship
docked nearby. His burns were apparently serious because the official inquiry was delayed for several days until he was well
enough to testify.
Sylvia Carpenter of Detroit
said she was trying to help people climb off the burning ship to the dock below. "Someone had thrown a rope ladder over the
dockside, but it was all tangled up. Then a rope was tossed over the rail. I put a hitch knot in it to hold it to a stanchion.
As I did, three men pushed in front of me and shoved some screaming women out of the way. The men went down the rope," Carpenter
After that, she said she helped the other women climb
to safety before making her own escape.
Elsewhere on the ship people were exhibiting blind hysteria.
Alberta Agala of Detroit said: "the Noronic's A deck was
a complete scene of panic. There was a mob of men and women surging back and forth. Men were pushing women around and many
were knocked to the floor. There was so much panic I don't know how these people got segregated to find a way to safety. I
slid down a rope."
C. E. Metcal of Columbus,
Ohio, said he watched people jump from the ship. Some fell to their death. "It
was terrible. Some of the people who jumped landed on the dock far below. Others landed in the water. The police and firemen
did a marvelous job using boats to rescue the people who leaped into the water," he said.
There were horror stories from people who nearly were
trapped to die in their cabins. Mrs. Mat J. Hackman of Covington, Kentucky, said she woke up about 2 a.m. and found her room ablaze. "I screamed to my husband
to wake up. The heat was terrible, and people were screaming all about us. We got outside on the deck and jumped overboard
into the water. I could see (other) people jumping into the water and some of them were on fire."
Emil Dahlke of Hazel
Park said he and his wife were awakened by someone pounding on the door of their cabin. "I heard the
awful word, 'Fire!' ringing down the hallways. It sent a chill through me. I flung open our cabin door and was met by a blast
of heat and flame. I ran back into our cabin for my wife and for a few moments we just stood there. I could see the horror
on her face.
no time to dress," Dahlke said. "We ran to the stateroom window and pushed out a screen. A deckhand grabbed our shoulders
and pulled us through the small port hole.
were rushing around the ship screaming and crying out for their relatives and friends. It was complete panic and women were
knocked down in the struggle. All I could think of was getting my wife from the inferno. We ran to the side of the ship and
I slid down a hawser with my wife on my shoulder."
When the fire was out, the vessel was left a partly sunken
hulk of smoldering ruin. Toronto Star reporter Edwin Feeney was the first newsman allowed aboard on the following day. He
"It was a
horrible picture of charred remains amid foot deep embers and melted glass. There wasn't a wooden partition standing. There
was no wooden furniture or upholstery unburned. No stairways remained save one at the bow of the ship. Every pane of glass
has been melted by the intense heat.
Art Smith said his men found victims in every position. Many had their lives snuffed out without waking. One young woman,
wrapped in a blanket, had her face burned, but her body was not touched. Upper bunks fell crashing down on victims below.
Firemen searching the ruins found human remains between scorched mattresses.
from St. Michael's Cathedral, Father Vincent Foy and Father Bernard Kyte, stepped about the debris, sometimes almost knee
stanchions were bent in every shape. The decks crumpled and buckled from the heat, make progress hazardous for the firemen
seeking the dead," Feeley wrote.
The death toll was estimated at 139, although nobody knew
for sure. The figure varies among the records of the day.
It was determined that the fire either started in the
linen closet on C Deck or in an adjoining women's rest room, possibly from a carelessly thrown cigarette.
Investigators also learned that the crew members who first
discovered the fire lost precious minutes trying to fight it on their own before sounding an alarm. And that alarm was only
sent to the bridge and other key parts of the ship.
Nobody sounded an alarm that would have aroused the passengers.
It was found that no alarm was sent to the Toronto Fire Department by the crew, and the ship's water lines were never connected
to the city water mains.
Of a crew of 170, only 16 were on duty when the fire broke
out. All of the crew members familiar with the ship and knew the escape routes got out alive.
Despite his acts of heroism, Captain Taylor shouldered
blame for the failures. He lost his license for one year for failing to provide proper leadership. The Canadian government
also was criticized for allowing the vessel to operate without fireproof bulkheads and an automatic fire alarm system.
Damage suits were settled for more than two million dollars.