Roots In North America
By James Donahue
As a young reporter working
for a newspaper in Southwestern Michigan, I once met an elderly self-taught archaeologist
who had an interesting story. He had devoted his life to studying and collecting information about the numerous earthen mounds,
fortresses and “garden beds” known to have existed throughout the Midwest before
the land was destroyed by farming, roads and concrete jungles created by “civilization” as we know it.
I spent some wonderful
hours with this man hiking the woodlands and visiting the last remaining earthworks left by what was identified as a Hopewellian
culture that existed prior to the Native American tribes that met European settlers.
The unanswered question
in all of this was just who these people were that devoted their time turning thousands of acres of land into magnificent
patterns that could have mostly been appreciated from the air? And why would they build large mounds of earth, sometimes hundreds
of feet wide? Excavation revealed that some, but not all were burial sites.
Some of the mounds had
oval or horseshoe shapes, and yet others, like the massive earthwork in neighboring Ohio,
Upper Peninsula, near the site of the Keweenaw copper deposits, have been found interesting
rock formations with strange carved markings. Historian Paul Tudor Angel writes that the inscriptions have been identified
as ogamic and believed made by Punic and Keltic travelers from Europe who not only explored the area, but brought copper back
to their native land as early as five to eight centuries B.C.
Not only that, but the
English explorers who came to the area in the 1400s were surprised to come upon a tribe of blond-haired, blue-eyed Mandan
Indians that spoke a form of ancient Gaelic. Some of the English explorers, who were familiar with the Gaelic languages of
Ireland and Scotland,
were able to converse with them, Angel writes.
How could this be? What
is the real history of North America and who left their marks not only in the elaborate variety of earthen works found throughout
the Midwest, but an elaborate display of megaliths, or giant rock structures, in the Northeast?
In an article titled “The Mysterious Megaliths of New England,”
Angel notes that a wide variety of amazing rock structures
are still found throughout New England that he claims are “so sophisticated and seemingly inexplicable, serious scientists
and archaeologists have denied their study because of their monumental implications.”
Those “implications,” Angel suggests,
are that someone else not only discovered North America, but explored and settled much of the continent long before Columbus ever made his historical voyages.
That someone also preceded the claims that the
Viking, Leif Eriksen, was the first when he brought a band of explorers to Newfoundland to
build a settlement of Vineland in about the year 1000.
The megaliths in the
New England area are strangely similar to rock fortifications found throughout England,
Scotland and Ireland,
all of them dating back to a time before Christ and before the Roman Empire.
A clue as to their origins
was uncovered by Barry Fell, archaeologist and language specialist, and author of the book “America, B.C.” in
which he claims the inscriptions found on the New England stones were left by both Kelts and Phoenicians.
The Kelts were the ancestors
of the Irish, Scotch, Welch and others of Europe. The Phoenicians were the forefathers of
The early record indicates
that both the Kelts and the Phoenicians were excellent shipbuilders and sailors. Both cultures developed navies of several
hundred ships and were involved in exploration for great distances south along the African coast as far east as India. What
was to prevent them from traveling west to the coast of America?
Both cultures seem to
have reached the American coast and cohabitated there in the same area. The inscriptions on the rocks in New
England include both Keltic ogam and Phoenician symbols. Both cultures were Gnostics, who built temples for worship
of Baal, the god of the Sun. The Druids were among the Kelts.
Angel notes that the writing on one large stone was interpreted: “A
proclamation of annexation. Do not deface. By this Hanno takes possession.”
Hanno was a Phoenician seafarer who explored and colonized the African coast
around 500 B.C. He founded seven cities and established various trading posts. Greek legend said Hanno sailed the northern
ocean (Atlantic?) at about 480 B.C. Was he in New England?
The Kelts appear to have
not only been in the New England area, but they explored the entire continent, obviously using the Great
Lakes as a main route west. That they left their mark on the Keweenaw Peninsula of Michigan, where the world’s
largest known core of copper was mined for thousands of years, should not be surprising.
Angel notes that the
ogamic tract also has been found along the Cimarron River
in Arkansas and others in Kentucky, suggesting the Kelts
moved from the Great Lakes south along the Mississipi River.
What is even more surprising
is that even more orgamic markings have turned up in the Southwest, in New Mexico.
Did their ships explore the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, with explorations far inland at
various points of call?
Thus the Irish and the
Scots . . . the ancestors of both my wife and I . . . were exploring this continent as early as one thousands years ago. Our
roots go much deeper into this soil than we once imagined.